New Physics

Erwin Muff, Wiberg 4, CH-6212 St. Erhard.

Abstract: A new physics with a variable background velocity of light has been developed. This velocity can be time dependent or space dependent. The last case is treated here. As consequences follow the attraction law of Newton and the motion of the perihel is absent. The last motion can be explained by classical methods. This means that general relativity is not valid and is therefore a false doctrine. The proof of this statement is given in the following lines. The controversy about the general relativity started at the beginning and goes still on nowadays. After the great works of the founders of classical physics an absolute time and space was established. In fact nothing has proved the contrary and the so called revolution of space and time has obscured classical notions e.g. energy and force. The general principle of relativity is not valid and the corresponding geometrization has its limits. The following proof is not based on a principle but is founded on the hydrogen atom or on energy and momentum. Instead of a dogma of a constant velocity of light a variable velocity of light in the background dependent on space x according to the proportional factors k(x) and k*(x) gives the results:

1. The constancy of energy E=mcc implies a mass m~1/kk and a velocity v~k, the momentum is p=mv~1/k. So the length is r~k (also shown with the hydrogen atom or the Broglie wave).
2. The constancy of momentum p=mv implies m~1/k* and an energy E~k*. Therefore the length is r~1.
3. For the theory of the gravitational field points 1 and 2 are to be combined, e.g. with ~kk* for the velocity of light. In the case of spherical symetry one has k=k*.
4. A metric can be defined as a function of light in a fixed or a moving background and viceversa.
5. The function k(r) or k*(r) follows from an energy balance (here k for k*) with the restenergy m(r)c(r)c(r)~k(r) of the mass in motion in the field of the fixed mass M (distance r) and the constant of gravitation G, namely k(r)=1+integral from infinity to r of dr GMk/cckkrr. After differentiation with respect to r one gets the differential equation k`=GM/cckrr, which has the solution kk=1-2GM/ccr. More general k follows from a momentum balance of light.
6: Analogous to the light the velocity field allows with the matter wave l=h/p and the momentum p from ccpp=EE- momocccc to derive the law of attraction of Newton. E is the constant total energy (kinetic and potential energy) and the restmass which depends on the velocity of light. For this reason the rotation of the perihel is absent, contrary to the result of general relativity. In fact this rotation follows at first from the quadrupolmoment out of the flattening of the sun by the law of attraction of Newton and secondly by the contribution of the negative energy of the gravitational field to the attractive mass of the sun. The case of a time variable velocity of light with attractive forces was treated else where (1) and the consequences of a negative field energy on the equivalence principle and black holes was analysed (2). The method explained gives a natural transition from quantum theory to classical mechanics. Further a new kind of particles the tomons can be postulated.

(1) E.Muff, Vom Wasserstoffatom zum Universum, Helvetica Physica Acta, Vol. 71, Separanda 1, page 29, (1998).
(2) Different manuscripts especialy: a) Vom Wasserstoffatom zum Universum. b) Aethersubstrat und Relativitaetstheorie.

Erwin Muff, Wiberg 4, CH-6212 St. Erhard, Switzerland. 30.12.00